Flying close to ceiling from the Dam towards Macro. About 600m higher and 1 km in front of you a Boeing has crossed your flight path a while ago and you can see it dropping down for its final glide to JHB International. Suddenly the air becomes turbulent and as you look up you see your canopy concertina into a small bundle and then drop below you. While you tumble out of the sky, you know you got plenty of height and no need to throw the reserve immediately. For a few seconds you watch your altimeter and grab your carabiners to see if this mess sorts out itself. After a few blurry moments the world returns back to normal. Now, what hit you?
-1 Whirly
-1 Inversion
-1 Windshear

A preflight check consists of
1 Helmet on
1 Speedbar connected
1 Harness Straps clipped in
1 Lines clear
1 Airspace clear
1 Conditions ok
1 Layout ok

You are sinking out, very low and there is a whirly close by
-1You head for it. Whirly are good thermals and you will get up in it
1You get away from it and stay well clear of it
-1You ignore it. They do not matter for Hang Gliding and Paragliding
1 You get out of your seat, ready for a PLF and reserve deployment

How do you recognize a Parachutal stall and what do you do
1No forward speed
1 No wind in your face
1 Toggle pressure feels weird
-1Glider is all over the show
-1One side of the wing is flying forwards , the other half of the wing is flying backwards
-1Pull toggles full down to get glider flying again
1Do not apply any brakes
1Use Speedbar, or release trims, or push on A's to get the leading edge to accelerate

A Paraglider gets ...
1launched into wind
-1 launched with the wind blowing from behind to help accelerate the canopy
1laid out with the leading edge facing away from the pilot
-1with the trailing edge facing away from the pilot

What can happen if you fly slowly and pull one brake 80% or more?
1You can go into a negative spin. Hands up
-1You can enter a positive spin. Hands up
-1Nothing, Paragliders are designed to be foolproof. No action required
-1You will turn much better in weak lift
-1You go into a locked spiral

Ridge soaring a cliff at the sea. The tide has come in and swallowed up the beach. And now you are sinking out
1You fly out to sea, past the surf
-1You land in the breakers on the beach to wade out towards the cliff face
-1You fly into the cliff face and hang on to the rocks
1Undo your buckles, unclip, if possible get clear of your harness before hitting the water

You have to land inlands in a lake
1Land close to shore
1Unclip as much as possible, get out of the harness before hitting the water
-1Stay in your harness, it will keep you afloat
-1Throw your reserve, it will act as a sail and blow you over the water out of harm

You have to land in a mountain stream
1 Don't, the current will drag your canopy
-1 No problem, mountain streams are shallow , land like normal
1Make sure the canopy does not fall into the stream
-1Land downhill to make sure the canopy falls in front of you with the current

As you get in a thermal closer to a cloud the lift increases
-1This is normal, it will stop at cloudbase
1Possible cloudsuck, leave the thermal
1Be prepared to apply tucked ears and speedbar to avoid getting sucked into the cloud
-1Your lucky day, stay in it and climb as high as possible

What is rotor?
1An eddy of air on the lee side of a mountain or below a wave which can be dangerous to fly in
-1The beginning of a thermal as it lifts of the ground
-1A very high lens like cloud
-1A device to measure the wind speed

During landing in strong wind with the brakes released, the wing descends vertically towards the middle of the landing area. What happens if the pilot pulls big ears
1The wing will penetrate less and fly backwards
-1The wing will fly faster
-1The descend rate will decrease and the landing will be softer
-1The wing will be less stable and collapse easier

How does your airspeed change when you encounter a gust of wind head on ?
1The airspeed increases while your ground speed drops
-1The airspeed drops and the ground speed increases
-1The airspeed increases and the ground speed increases
-1The airspeed drops and the ground speed drops

What might you find on the leeward side of a thermal or a hill
1Turbulence or rotor
-1The lift band
-1Compression zone with penetration problem
-1smoother lift than on the luv side

Leaving a thermal
1Your angle of attack becomes less
1Your canopy is more prone to a collapse
-1Your angle of attack increases
-1Your canopy will slow down, apply speedbar to avoid a stall

Entering a thermal
1Your angle of attack increases
-1Your angle of attack decreases
1Your canopy might slow down and you have to speed it up to avoid a stall
-1Your canopy speed increases

What is your optimum take off speed?
1The speed of maximum glide ratio
-1Minimum sink speed
-1Minimum Speed
-1Trim Speed
-1Maximum Speed

While ridge soaring one flies
1 at minimum sink
-1 at best glide
-1 at minimum speed
-1 at maximum speed

You lost one of your toggles, either the line broke, or it is wrapped around the risers,..
1You switch over to steer using the backriser
-1You throw your reserve since you can not steer the canopy anymore
-1You unclip and climb up in your harness to fix the mess
-1You apply speedbar to stabilize the canopy

Pulling in the outermost A lines on both sides
1 Is called big ears
1 Can be used to increase the sink rate of a glider
-1 can be used to initiate a B-Line stall
-1 can result in a spiral

If you let out a B-Line stall uneven, not symmetric
-1 No problem, B-Line gives a very stable wing
1you can get an asymmetric and cravat, spiraling uncontrolled out of the sky
-1your canopy will fall behind you
-1your lines can break due to the sudden load increase

When is it safe to fly over a mountain into the lee side?
1If one is at least the height of the mountain above it
1When you are in a thermal drifting over the back with it
-1When you can see lentis developing behind it
-1When the wind speed exceeds the trim speed of your glider you can safely go over the back

At which end of the speed range does minimum sink occur?
1 at the slower end of the speed range
-1 at best glide, where the tangent to the polare has the minimum angle
-1 at trim speed, when no accelerator is applied
-1 at the maximum speed, since the lift formula says that lift is determined by the square of speed
-1 when the glider is in full stall

A thunderstorm is developing above you. You experience cloudsuck and cannot loose altitude with different quick descent maneuvers
1Fly cross wind
-1Fly downwind
-1Fly upwind
-1Throw your reserve

When you apply your toggles past the maximum brake you get
1 A stall, the canopy will fall behind you and you fall out of the sky
-1A stall, the canopy will shoot in front of you and you will fall into the canopy
-1A stall, the canopy will settle above your head and you will sink gently down
-1A stall, the canopy will fly at minimum sink

With everything else staying the same, how will the glide ratio change if a 100 kg pilot dumps his water ballast of 10 kg?
1The glide ratio will stay the same
-1The glide ratio will improve by 10 percent
-1The glide ratio will decrease by 10 percent
-1The glide ratio will be 0.1 better
-1The glide ratio will be 0.1 worse

As you fly very close to a cliff face your wing decides to turn into the rocks. Why?
1Windgradient. The wind is slower closer to the rocks. Your outer wing gets lifted and the total lift vector is now getting you closer to the rocks
-1Katabatic airflow. The rocks have cooled down, generating an airflow running down the cliff face
-1You encountered a vortex of another glider which is now drifting you into the rocks
-1The rocks gravitation field is taking over and getting too strong for the lift of your wing to counter

What can be the consequences of forgetting to fasten your chest strap?
1Change in flight characteristics of the wing due to flattening of the profile
1Psychological discomfort, not being safely strapped in
1Physical discomfort due to abnormal position of straps and risers
1Lack of response in roll axis
-1Your canopy will not launch
-1Your harness will slide up to your nose

You forgot your leg straps, took off and now you are airborne
1Grab your carabiners, swing up your legs above you and hook your feet into the risers. Hanging upside down, slide back into the harness. Then close the leg straps
-1Throw your reserve
-1Hang on to the toggles
-1Hang on to the speed bar

You decide to use Big Ears to land in a small field surrounded by high trees
1Keep the Big Ears in until flare. Otherwise the wind gradient might induce a parachutal stall
-1Apply brake when you get to tree top height and pump out the big ears
-1Once a tree top height add B-line stall to it and PLF
-1Do a C Line landing

You are clipped in and ready to takeoff. And a whirly comes through
1You face your canopy, and get closer to it to fall on top of it, if necessary
1 You make sure you got your toggles and C risers in your hand so that you can control the canopy if necessary
-1 You pullup and launch, a whirly is a good thermal to get into
-1 You take your helmet off and put in on the canopy to have some extra weight on the wing

Why is it a good idea to first put a helmet on before getting into your harness and clipping in?
1Sudden gusts and dust devils can pop up unexpected and pick up the pilot or drag him
1While climbing into the harness a dusty might pick you up, and you end up hanging head down in the harness
-1 To protect my helmet from rolling down the hill
-1 To protect my helmet from getting scratched on the ground

What is a PLF?
1Parachute Landing Fall
1Knees bend at an angle, hands, elbows in front of your face, roll sideways over your back
-1Parachute Licensed Factory
-1Passive Launch Facility = same as a winch launch

You initiated a spiral. Now you want to get out and you release the inner brake. Nothing happens. In fact the spiral goes faster
-1Bullshit, all gliders come out of spirals immediately
1Looks like your are locked into a spiral, throw your reserve
1If you got plenty of height, apply more brake on the outer side and see if you can stop it
-1 Do a full stall
-1 Do a B-Line instead
DHV Magazine 119 and

You got an Asymmetric
1An Asymmetric is one side of the wing has a tuck
-1An Asymetric is when the leading edge of your glider collapses
-1You look up to your canopy to see what is wrong
1You apply around 25% of brake on the side that is ok and keep the glider flying straight
1Once you stopped the glider from turning, you pump out the deflated side
-1You apply 50 percent brake
1If you are close to the ground and the deflation is severe and violent, throw your reserve
-1You let up from the brakes to get your wing flying again

what causes a spin
1When one wing tip is stalled and the other is still flying, resulting in a rotatition
1Applying too much brake on one side, like trying to thermal too tight
-1When landing behind some obstacle in windshadow and the canopy suddenly surges forward
-1When flying behind a tandem canopy and getting into the vortex of it

Tightening your chest strap too tight can result in
1Uncomfortable flying, risers too close together in your line of vision
1Increased risk of a twist
-1Better body steering
-1Better recovery from a collapse

Flying with an airspeed of 30 km/h into a 10km/h headwind
1Your ground speed will be 20km/h
-1Your ground speed will be 40km/h
-1Your ground speed will be 30km/h
-1Your ground speed does not depend on the wind. It is determined by your GPS

Why does one land into wind ?
1To reduce the ground speed
-1To reduce the airspeed
-1To increase your airspeed
-1To increase your ground speed

Why does one take off into wind?
1To increase your airspeed
-1To reduce your airspeed
-1To increase your ground speed
-1To increase the pressure in the trailing edge

Your canopies trim speed is 34 km/h. The wind speed is 36 km/h
1Flying with the wind your ground speed will be 70 km/h
1When trying to land into wind you will be going backwards
1When landing into wind you will have penetration problems
1When flying into wind your Ground Speed will be 2km/h backwards
-1When flying into wind your Ground speed will be 2km/h forward
-1When flying into wind your airspeed will be 70 km/h
-1When flying with the wind your airspeed will be 70 km/h
-1When flying with the wind your ground speed will be 36 km/h

What is wind gradient?
1A change in wind speed and direction with altitude
-1 A change in temperature of the air with altitude
-1 A change in dew point with altitude
1 For example slowing down of wind speed as one comes closer to the ground

What effect does the wind gradient have on the trajectory of the wing when landing?
1It produces a sinking effect on the trajectory
1The decrease in headwind creates an increase in the speed of the wing
-1The canopy will glide better, be prepared to overshoot
-1The canopy will sink less and float longer due to the ground effect
-1Apply full brakes to counter the surge and stop the increased sink

When do you consider doing a reverse launch ?
1When the wind is strong enough
-1When the wind is over the back
-1When there is no wind
-1When there is a weak breeze

A reverse launch
1Enables you to see the canopy as you pull it up and control it better
-1Requires the pilot to to run hard
-1Can only be used at a cliff launch
-1Can only be used when the wind is over the back

The B-Line maneuver is ...
1Pulling down both B-risers symmetric
1a quick descent method
-1Pulling one B-riser down
-1a method to change the shape of your wing to give better lift while slow flying

Flying cross wind in thermic conditions. First your wing has some minor tucks/collapses. Then the left side lifts up and your glider wants to turn to the right. Where is the thermal?
1Most likely to the left
-1Most likely behind you
-1Most likely to the right
-1Most likely still ahead of you
-1No thermal close by, you are in rotor

Wind that has to blow through a narrow gulley or when the valley gets narrower
1Will get stronger
-1Will slow down
-1Will cool down due to pressure changes
-1Will warm up due to pressure changes

You are ridge soaring with the ridge to your right. Another glider flies straight at you
1You do not change your trajectory, maintain your current flight path
-1You turn to the left
-1You turn to the right
-1You make a hook turn

While flying low , something big picks you up, your vario screams, and then you go into free fall
1You entered a very strong thermal and your wing stalled
-1welcome to rotor
-1your lines just broke
-1you got an asymetric spin
1Hold on to your carabs, be ready to throw your reserve

A Butterfly landing ...
-1 is an expression for a well executed smooth spotlanding where the pilot does not make a step
1Is a method to land a Paraglider in a tight spot with pumping toggle movements
-1Describes a landing where the pilot tumbles and gets dragged
-1Describes a landing approach with lots of lift , having the pilot go all over the show

While ridge soaring in PE Maitlands, you gain height. And you got problems penetrating
1ears tucked, speedbar, get forward and down and land at the beach
-1Spiral down
-1Fly over the back and land in the rotor
-1Climb higher to get above the compression zone

PE, Maitlands, road takeoff. 40m high. The seagulls are soaring along the ridge
1Looks promising, should be ok to fly a Paraglider
-1Far too weak, seagulls can maintain much easier
-1Far too strong. Fly another day
-1Seagulls only fly in rotor, don't fly

As you walk towards takeoff you hat gets blown off your head
1It's probably too strong
-1Looks promising,let's layout
-1Whirly's, no problem, they disappear in half an hour
-1The rotor today is very close to the ridge, better layout right at the edge

1can kill you
1can be found behind obstacles, where the wind has to swirl around
-1is one of the best methods to get up
-1is found behind a wing going off the wing tips

Groundhandling a canopy without clipped in by holding it in your hands
40Is not advisable on a ridge, a gust can lift you into the air. And you start flying down the hill, hanging on with your finger tips
40Is not advisable on flat ground. A gust can pick you up on flat ground
-1Is totally safe. Just let go when necessary
30Has killed people

Tying a rope to a tree or at the tow bar of a car and the other end to yourself. And then do some kiting with your Paraglider
1is the fastest way to become a vegetable or find out which religion got it right
-1No problem, it is lots of fun
-1As long you got a hook knife , no problem
-1Just watch out for a lock out and counter steer and it works fine

During the winch launch the canopy is pointing more and more away from the line
1As the pilot you are heading for a lockout, counter steer, or release
1as the driver on the winch, reduce speed, give the pilot a chance to come back on line
-1as the pilot apply more brake, the canopy will then be pulled back by the line in the correct direction
-1as the winch driver, speed up to have more tension to get the canopy back on line

Taking off from a slope,...
1Toggles around 25 percent, at best glide, run into wind
-1Toggles around 50 percent, at best sink, run into wind
-1Toggles at 80 percent, minimum speed, to avoid having to run so fast
-1Hands up, at maximum speed and run fast into wind

What is a lock out?
1During a winch launch the canopy drifts out of line and faces away from the tow
-1when you got a carabiner which is blocked and does not funtion
-1When you try to throw your reserve and you can not pull it out
-1When you are in a spiral and can not get out of it

What is the correct action in a lock out?
1The winch driver to slow or cut the line if necessary
1The pilot to body steer and apply toggle to counter the driftand turn back on line
-1The winch driver to accellerate and pull the tow straight
-1The pilot should apply more brake

During a winch launch the pilot and canopy drift away from the tow direction
1This can become a lock out
1If the pilot or winch driver do not react then the canopy will dive into the ground
-1No need to worry, the canopy will be pulled straight again
-1There is a thermal in the drift direction. Turn more towards it. And take the thermal

Angle of attack can be changed in Paragliding
1By using speedbar
1By applying more or less brake
-1By weight shift
-1By the team manager in a competition how to fly the set task

If the angle of attack increases
1The wing flies slower
1The wing gets closer to stall point
-1The wing flies faster
-1The wing is more prone to collapse

If you fly into a strong thermal
1Your angle of attack will increase
1Your wing will fly slower
-1Your wing will fly faster
-1Your angle of attack will get less

What do you call this maneuver and how is it initiated ?
1Big Ears
1 Pulling down your outer A lines
-1 Pulling down your A risers
-1 Applying speed bar
-1 Cravatte
-1 B Line Stall
-1 Pulling down the B lines
-1 Asymmetric

Wind in takeoff is straight up, strong and gusty. As you pull up you go up and do not go forward ...
1Watch the ground if you penetrate
1 Use speedbar or big ears to if you go backwards
-1 Turn, you are in a good thermal
-1 Fly close to stall to make best use of the lift
-1 Look up at your canopy to see if you get a collapse
-1 Throw your reserve, you are in cloudsuck
-1 Initiate a spiral, you are in cloudsuck
-1 Do a C Line stall to come down

As you takeoff you notice your leg straps have not been closed
1Hands up, hold on to your risers or carabiners, do not hold on to your toggles, swing up your legs around your risers, hanging head down in your shoulder straps, and slide back into your harness
-1Throw your reserve
-1Keep your hands in your toggles, hands down and push yourself into the harness
1 Grab you risers and hang on to them
-1 Slide out of your harness and fall down and PLF

After taking off you can not get into your harness and you are hanging in your leg straps
1Head straight for landing. Your blood circulation can get blocked and you can fade out soon
-1 This is only a problem if you are a male
-1Throw your reserve
1 If you got good ground clearance, try to swing up your legs and slide back into your harness
-1 Slide out of your harness and fall down and PLF

The horizon shows an orange taint and next you see dust getting kicked up
1Indication of an approaching gust front
1Get out of the sky now
-1Head for the dust, good lift there
-1 Sign of a low inversion, not much lift there

The wind dies and then changes to blow form the opposite direction. And there is thunderstorms around you
1A gust front is on its way
1 Good chance that it will rain soon
-1A cold front has passed through
-1 The trough axis has just crossed

entering a strong thermal
1Your canopy will surge backwards
-1 Your canopy will surge forwards
-1 You run the risk of getting a frontal collapse
-1 You run the risk of going into a B Line stall

Falling out of a thermal
-1Your canopy will surge backwards
1 Your canopy will surge forwards
1 You run the risk of getting a collapse
-1 You run the risk of going into a B Line stall

When you do a forward launch
1You hold your A risers in your hand
1You face away from the canopy
-1You face towards canopy
1 You hold your toggles in your hand
-1 You put one foot on the accellerator
-1 You put one foot on the speedbar

When doing a backward launch
1You hold your A risers in your hand
-1You face away from the canopy
1You face towards canopy
1 You hold your toggles in your hand
-1 You put one foot on the accelerator
-1 You put one foot on the speedbar

Weighshift ...
1means leaning towards the side that you want to turn
-1 means leaning back on landing to slow down
-1 is a situation where your front mounted reserve has shifted, making it more difficult to control your Paraglider
-1 is a component on a winch to control the tension
-1 means leaning away from the side that you want to turn

While turning in a thermal you also move you body to lean more into the center of the turn
1 This is called Weightshift
-1 This is called a PLF
-1 This is called a stirr-up
-1 This is called cross bracing

To get out of a spiral ...
1 Gradually release the brake on the inner side and apply some at the outer side
-1 Gradually release the oouter brake and apply more in the inner side
-1 Apply both sides 50 percent brake
-1 Hands up on both toggles

What can go wrong when coming out of a spiral
1 Canopy surges forward, frontal or assymetric collapses
-1 Nothing
-1 Canopy can go into B Line stall
-1 Canopy can go parachutal

A horseshoe layout
-1 should only be used in light conditions
1 is the usual way your canopy should look like before you takeoff
5 is only used for forward launch
-1 is a poor layout which needs to be rectified before takeoff
5 is only used for reverse launch

To initiate a spiral ...
1 Do it gradually. Step by step. First find the point where you canopy will start the spiral and get out of it immediately
-1 Yank down one side and have the other toggle full up
1 Have at least 600 meters AGL and stop 300 meters AGL
-1 Get the canopy close to parachutal and apply on one side full brake

Doing a reverse launch and the right side, from your point of view, of the canopy comes up first ...
1 apply brake on the side that comes up first
-1 apply brake on the side that is dragging behind
1 walk towards the side that is dragging behind
-1 move towards the side that is coming up first

Doing a forward launch and the right side, from your point of view, of the canopy comes up first ...
1 apply brake on the side that comes up first
-1 apply brake on the side that is dragging behind
1 walk towards the side that is dragging behind
-1 move towards the side that is coming up first

The wind is from the left as you are about to pull up ...
1 expect the right side, lee side, of the canopy to come up first
-1 expect the left side, luv side, of the canopy to come up first
1 have the toggle line controlling the wing tip to the right ready to apply brake
-1 have the toggle that controls the wingtip to the left ready to apply brake

For the recommended reverse launch technique
1 one uses the A in one hand and the D risers in the other hand
-1 one has each hand holding a set of A risers
1 one holds the toggles in a way so that you do not have to let them go once you tunr around
-1 one holds the toggles in a way so that each hand controls the side of the glider in front of it, and let them go once you turn around

Which is the correct launch sequence ..
1 5 point check - inflate - control and stabilize - accelerate
-1 inflate - 5 point check - control and stabilize - accelerate
-1 control and stabilize - 5 point check - inflate - accelerate
-1 inflate - control and stabilize - 5 point check - accelerate
-1 accelerate - inflate - control and stabilize - 5 point check

What is Windgradient ?
1 Change in wind speed with altitude
-1 Change in wind direction with altitude
-1 Change in air speed with altitude
-1 Change in ground speed with altitude
-1 Change in lift and sink as one enters or leaves a thermal

Flying with 50 percent toggle into a 7 m/s thermal
1 your angle of attack will change by 45 degree
1 your wing will be at stall point
-1 your angle of attack does not change
1 hands up, maybe apply speedbar, to keep the wing flying
-1 apply more brake to prevent a frontal collapse

What can go wrong when doing a spiral?
1 Pilot can fade out and loose cosciousness
-1 Nothing
1 Canopy can go into lockout and you can not get out of the spiral
1 Coming out of the spiral the glider can have a collapse if you do not

Which is correct ?
1 Big ears increases the angle of attack
-1 Big ears decreases the angle of attack
1 Speed bar decreases the angle of attack
-1 Speed bar increases the angle of attack

You notice the windsock is hanging or pointing away from you as you are in your final approach
1 Prepare to flare hard
-1 make a hook turn
1 Prepare to run or if necessary, PLF
-1 Nothing wrong, this is ideal conditions for landing

This picture shows
1 A frontal collapse
-1 An asymmetric
-1 A B Line stall
-1 A cravatte

This picture shows
-1 A frontal collapse
1 An asymmetric
-1 A B Line stall
-1 A cravatte

Flying into wind ...
1 Will reduce your glideratio
-1 Will improve your glideratio
1 Will reduce the distance you can travel before you have to land
-1Will make you fly further

Flying with the wind ...
-1 Will reduce your glide-ratio
1 Will improve your glide-ratio
-1 Will reduce the distance you can travel before you have to land
1 Will make you fly further

As you get low and start turning into wind you notice that you drift backwards ...
1 Apply speedbar, tuck your ears
-1 turn downwind
1 prepare for a C line flare and potential PLF
-1 pull one toggle full down at landing

When you apply full speedbar your glider ...
1 is more prone for a frontal collapse
-1is more prone to go into a fullstall
-1 is more prone to go parachutal
-1 will be more stable

A Vortex of a big plane can impact on you ...
1 over 20 km away
-1 not at all
-1 only close to the ground
-1 only within the distance of the wing span of the plane

What is wake turbulence ?
1 Vortex behind the wing of an aircraft
-1 turbulence generated by big ocean waves
-1 turbulence created by wave clouds
-1 turbulence created by trains or trucks

You are low and approaching a power line. Not sure if you will make it over it.
1 You aim for the pole. If you can not get over the pole land before it.
-1 You aim for the middle in between 2 poles
-1 You speed up to fly underneath the lines
-1 You fly max speed to pull up before any obstacle that you might encounter

While landing you notice a fence coming towards you.
1 Aim for a pole to put your feet on it
-1 Stall the glider in before the fence
-1Speed up and then pull up before the fence
-1 Make a hook turn 1 meter above the ground

For a reverse launch
1 one can control the glider without letting the toggles go
-1one has to let the toggles go
-1one clips in the other way compared to a forward launch
-1 one has to pull the D risers only

A Backriser flight
1 is required for your Basic rating
-1is required for your Sport rating
-1is required for the Tandem rating
-1 is not required but nice to know

A Backriser flight ...
1means using the D risers to steer a paraglider
1might be the only way to steer and land when your toggles are blocked
-1 means when you can not penetrate and land backwards
-1 means releasing the trim on an advanced glider

Trim tabs
1 can be used to slow down or speed up a wing
-1can be used to adjust the seating position
-1 can be used to open or close some cells of a wing
-1 are part of the V ribs

As a pilot one avoids
1 CumuloNimbus clouds
-1 Cumulus clouds
-1 Altostratus clouds
-1 Cirrus clouds

You have to land in strong wind. So strong that you do not penetrate anymore into wind.
1 Consider a C riser landing
-1land normal and keep the canopy inflated above your head
-1 land downwind
-1 land crosswind

What can cause your canopy to go parachutal?
1 porosity
1line shrinkage
1 slow release out of a B Line stall
-1 pushing your A risers

How does one get out of a parchutal stall
1 using speed bar to accelerate the canopy
1 pushing your A risers
-1 pulling full breaks to initiate a full stall
-1 tucking your ears

What are the symptoms to determine if you are in a full stall
1no forward speed
1no wind in your face
1 higher sink rate than usual
-1very slack toggles

Releasing the B risers very slow out of a B-Line stall
1 can put you into a Parachutal stall
-1 is the recommended way of doing it
-1 will put you into a full stall
-1 will create a frotal collapse

Why is it important for a PG pilot to demonstrate a backriser flight
1 in case he looses a toggle in fligt he can control the glider by using backrisers
1 in case the toggle lines are blocked by a knot he can use the backrisers to steer
1 he has to learn and demonstrate it under an instructor supervision
-1a backriser flight is the same as a reverse launch
1one can land in strong wind using the backrisers to collapse the canopy faster, C risers might be better

Why is it dangerous to fly in rain with a Paraglider
1 the airflow over the wing gets disturbed by the water droplets , increasing the chance of a stall
1 the canopy starts collecting water and becomes heavier
1 the water collects in the back of the cells which will make the wing collapse
1in case of a wing tuck the wing will not reinflate anymore

What is a lockout
1 a lockout occures at winching when a glider goves off line
-1 a lockout is a carabiner which has a screw safety to avoid unintentional opening
-1 a lockout happens when a glider line gets caught in a snap carabiner during a collapse
-1 a lockout happens when a toggle line is wrapped or caught , or knotted and can not be used

On a winch launch
1 one follows the winch and points the glider towards the winch all the time
-1 one keeps the glider facing into the main wind direction on tow
-1 one steers the glider with the A risers
-1 one has one hand on the release and the other hand controlling the toggles

This picture shows a PG canopy
1 with a lot of brake applied. Close to stall.
-1with a frontal collapse
-1 in a B Line stall
-1 on full speedbar

Supine flying
1reduces drag
1 makes it more difficult to control a glider when there is a deflation
-1is used for landing
-1 avoids line twisting in a deflation
Skywing 12 2003

You managed to do a good C-riser landing in strong. What do you do next?
1 walk around the canopy to avoid getting dragged when it reinflates
-1unclip and get out of your harness facing into wind
-1 reinflate the canopy for a clean layout to pack it up
-1 reinflate the canopy above your head and use the power of the wind to walk you closer to the next road instead of carrying it

Coming down on a reserve
1 Bring in your wing to avoid having it entangle with the reserve
-1Let out the Paraglider wing to have more drag
1 Feet together, knees bend, muscles spring loaded for a PLF
-1Lift your legs to have the back protector take the impact

Here we got? And what to do ?
1A big asymmetric
-1A small asymmetric
-1 A frontal collapse
-1A full stall
1Apply some brake on the inflated side - keep glider flying straight
-1Hands up
-1Apply lots of brake DHV Info February 2004

What is correct
1Reverse launch, turn right
-1Reverse launch , turn left
-1 Forward launch, turn right
-1Forward launch, turn left
-1Forward launch, No turn
-1Reverse launch, No turn

What is correct
-1Reverse launch, turn right
1Reverse launch , turn left
-1 Forward launch, turn right
-1Forward launch, turn left
-1Forward launch, No turn
-1Reverse launch, No turn

What is correct
1Reverse launch gone wrong, pilot is twisted, maybe use backrisers to control canopy
-1A good Reverse launch
-1A good Forward launch
-1Forward launch gone wrong due to a dusty
-1Reverse launch gone wrong, use A risers to fix
-1Reverse launch gone wrong, apply maximum brake to stop

Choose the best answer
1Reverse launch gone wrong, pilot is twisted, uses backrisers to control canopy
-1A perfect Reverse launch with pilot clipped in reverse
-1A good Forward launch
-1Forward launch gone wrong due to a dusty
-1Reverse launch gone wrong, pilot uses A risers to fix
-1Normal Reverse launch with toggles crossed

Pilot doing a reverse winch launch got the line from the wrong side attached
-1One can not attach a winch line the wrong way
1The winch driver has to abort immediately
-1Pilot simply has turn the other way around to fix this
-1One can not do a reverse launch with a winch
Dion+Freddie Dunnottar 13/6/2004

With higher altitude your takeoff run
1Has to be faster and will be longer
-1Will be the same
-1Will be shorter and one uses the same takeoff speed
-1has to be slower

At high altitude your best glide
1will be the same
-1Will be deteriorate
-1Will improve
-1depends on the amount of extra kit you wear

With higher altitude your canopy reactions
1will be more dynamic.
-1Will be more docile
-1will be the same
-1will depend on the outside temperature

At sealevel a Intermediate wing can be flared from trimspeed to 0 within 20 meters . In higher altitude this will be ...
1will be more and the landing speed will be higher
-1Will be more and the landing speed will be less
-1will be the same
-1will be shorter and one will come in faster

Going for a tree landing...
1slow down the canopy before impact, but let the canopy overfly you to wrap over the tree and hook on the branches
-1do a full stall before impacting with the tree
-1flare as usual
-1go into the tree with trim speed DHV-Inf0 128

Having to land in water ...
1land with the wind to have the canopy fall in front of you
-1land as usual into wind
1remove any equipment which is attached to you
1undo crossbracing, chestrap, leg straps last.

A coastal lady pilot rocks up at a flying site around Johannesburg, which is 1600 m ASL. Her takeoff consists of doing a few steps and then sitting into her harness. And she ends up aborting the takeoff sitting with her bum on the ground. Why does she behave like this ???
1Pilot is used to a lower takeoff speed. With higher altitude the minimum speed of a canopy increases
-1Typical example of a coastal trained pilot who was given her licence without getting trained properly.
-1Typical reaction of a winch trained pilot who does not know how to run
-1Pilot got trained by an instructor who pulled up the canopy for her. Never learned how to run for herself.
Dunnottar Kenton pilot July 2004

A coastal pilot who is used to fly very close to the ground and takes tight turns to stay in the ridgelift band comes to Rustenburg ( 1600m ASL) to ridge soar
1His canopy will react more wild due to a higher airspeed when he gets a collapse
-1There will be no change in how a canopy reacts in turbulence. This is independent of the altitude
1His turn radius will be bigger
-1His turn radius will be smaller
DHV Info July 2004

This picture shows a pilot ...
1what can happen if you do not do a proper preflight check
-1 shows a pilot in a normal flight
1 in big trouble
-1 that has prepared himself for a SAT
Cape Town Red Bull Hungarian Pilot crash